Retina & Vitreous RETINA The Retina is an extremely crucial structure for vision. It is located in the posterior segment (back of our eye). In lay terms it is called the curtain of the eye. The retina can be divided into two regions: the central (macula) and the peripheral. The macula is a very small area in the centre of the retina upon which light rays are focused by the cornea and the lens of the eye. The macula being the most sensitive portion of the retina is responsible for acute (sharp) vision, – that is for reading, writing, threading a needle and other fine tasks. The periphery of the retina gives us vision to the side, which is called "peripheral vision". This is what we refer to when we say, "I saw something from the corner of my eye." RETINA CLINIC The Vitreoretinal Service at Greens Medical Centre offers expertise in diagnostic, medical and surgical retina. Diagnostics forming the backbone of every successful treatment, we provide a very advanced small pupil fundus camera for Fundus Fluorescein Angiography, and a precise Optical Coherence Tomography system. Treatment of all retinopathies affecting the eye due to diabetes, hypertension, vascular malformations and age related macular degeneration is possible with laser and anti-VEGF injections or surgery depending on the requirement. The retina laser service houses an advanced Argon-Laser System for Retinal Photocoagulation and also the Photo Dynamic Therapy laser system for treatment of Age Related Macular Degeneration. The department also boasts of the latest Optos imaging system which helps in pan imaging of the retina. For Surgical treatment the department is equipped with advanced Micro Incision Vitreous surgery system and with its team of expert surgeons caters to advanced retina surgery requirements including Retina Detachments, Ocular Trauma, Diabetic Micro Incision Vitreous surgery, Macular Hole surgery etc. Additionally, a team of caring doctors are available at a retina helpline number to all patients for immediate attention. LASER PHOTO COAGULATION - Laser for long has been the mainstay of treatment for many retina disorders as Diabetic Retinopathy, Vascular Occlusion, Age Related Macular Degeneration, Vascular Malformations and as a prophylaxis treatment for Retinal Tears and Lattice Degenerations. Photo Dynamic Therapy a newer modality for treatment of age related macular degeneration and is very useful for specific indications. It is a safe modality in cases where therapy is needed close to the fine vision area of the retina. Laser is often a preventive modality that enables our patients to preserve their vison, enabling them to see a better tomorrow. INTRAVITREAL INJECTIONS Oedema or swelling at the macula (The central fine vision area of the retina) known as Macular Oedema can be well treated with Anti-VEGF injections of Lucentis, Avastin and Triamcinolone Acetate. For years our patients have and are being treated with these injections at regular intervals with improvement in vision and decrease in oedema. AntiVEGF injections also play a very important role in the treatment of wet AMD and have been used at our centre for years with appreciable and significant treatment results .